At one point during the painful process of compressing my novel into a tiny synopsis to print on the back of the book, we ended up with a paragraph that described the book as a series of letters. Letters — I guess the connection between the book’s back cover copy and the title, Love Letters of the Angels of Death, on its front should have been obvious, especially to me. So it must have seemed pretty strange to everyone else involved when I objected to seeing “letters” mentioned in the synopsis.
I blame L.M. Montgomery for my aversion to the epistolary novel — a work of fiction imagined as a bundle of personal correspondence. Yes, I said Lucy Maude Montgomery, the Canadian author of the Anne of Green Gables series – the woman I hold personally responsible every time I cringe at a fellow Canadian using “delicious” to describe something that cannot fit into a mouth. She’s also prone to portraying fat people as bad and birch bark as important enough to interrupt everything with a lengthy description of it. She might be onto something with the birch bark but she’s definitely wrong about the fat people.
Naturally, after our visit to Prince Edward Island when I was nine, my mum bought me the first book in the Anne series. Maybe because we moved so much, we were often without many books to read and I was stuck with Anne. Then came the rest of the series. I enjoyed the books well enough that I started adding to the collection myself. They were great resources for soaking up vocabulary and learning to discern the sublime in domestic life.
The worst of the Anne books is Anne of Windy Poplars. It does nothing to advance the larger story arc. It’s like a long detour. And it’s the volume of the series written as a collection of letters. I must have balked at the idea of the novel I’ve written getting filed in the same letter-book category. The little girl reader still working somewhere inside my consciousness didn’t want our work to bear any similarities to the book we remember as one of the most boring reads of our adolescence. Readers accumulate some strange, complicated baggage.
It’s true that my book’s title does contain the word “letters.” But my book lacks the form and lexicon of letter writing – or even diary writing or any of the other gimmicks that flag a book as epistolary. There is no “Dear,” no “To Whom it May Concern,” no “Yours Truly” with a signature at the end — not even a token date dashed beside the chapter headings.
The reason I put “letters” in the title is to orient readers to the book’s second person narrator. Most of the writing we produce and read – all of our emails and texts – is written in the second person. Poetry and song lyrics are typically written this way too. A second person narrator speaks as “I” but he doesn’t just ramble to himself. He’s talking to “you, you, you.” With all our experience reading short pieces in the second person, it didn’t seem like much of a stretch to ask readers to follow this familiar point of view throughout a book-length piece. An introduction to a second person narrator, along with an informal, intimate tone was all I wanted out of the epistolary form.
I was about to say Anne of Windy Poplars made such an enduring, negative impression on me because it was the first epistolary novel I ever read but then I remembered Judy Blume’s Are You There God? It’s Me, Margaret. (This one counts as epistolary even though its second person messages are sent through prayers.) I read this book during the same time period (ahem) as the offending Anne book but I’m fairly certain it didn’t bore me.
With more thought, I realized there were other fictitious diaries and letters I had forgotten on my bookcase. There’s Bram Stoker’s Dracula, Anne Brontё’s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Douglas Coupland’s Hey Nostradamus!, my husband’s copy of C.S. Lewis’ The Screwtape Letters, and Christopher Priest’s The Prestige – a novel I’ve been meaning to return half-read to my brother-in-law for ages.
I enjoyed some of these books – but not all of them. When I was enjoying them most, their letter-writing form slipped past my notice. While I didn’t remember that Dracula was epistolary, I do remember getting up at night to quiet my baby while I was reading it and being idiotically afraid of running into undead Lucy in the hallway. I felt many things for all of these books but I never felt confused or alienated by their narrative styles. It works.
I’ve over-generalized my dislike for the epistolary form. Rejecting it was silly – the result of a tenacious childhood prejudice. I wrote an epistolary novel. And that’s okay. It’s not the kind of thing that should amount to a scrap with an editor — though I did feel a little lighter when I flipped my advance reading copy onto its back to read the synopsis and saw the word “letter” had disappeared.
So that’s where my copy of the Prestige went!
So busted! It’s in our exercise room.
My favorite epistolary novel – The Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society by Mary Ann Shaffer and Annie Barrows
I keep hearing about that one. Will have to look it up the next time I have a long plane ride in my near future.
I can’t agree since I love written letters in a novel. They are fabulous at advancing a story-line and reveling characters who are often overshadowed by more dynamic events or people. Jane Austin loved to use them – I wrote about it in university actually. Got a solid 7 – not bad for the night before…. And I can’t hear of anything negative against Lucy Maude. Yes, some of books were dull, I didn’t even finish (or start) some, but she was really just trying to make a living, Besides, I just love the cynicism and whit she weaves behind every sentimental encounter. (I think she secretly resented that was the only type of writing that made her a buck). Yes, i love a good letter! In fact, if it had not been for a carefully written letter we would probably not be related…now THAT would be a true tragedy- for both of us!!
Yes, poor Maude. I’ve also written some awful stuff for money (my piece celebrating snow mobile culture in Fort McMurray comes to mind). Veiled cynicism is the only way to get through that stuff. I didn’t know you were a fan of LMM — or that your love story had a vital letter in it. I want to sit quietly while you tell me the rest of that story.
I loved Hey Nostrodamus! and didn’t remember that it was epistolary, so I guess it’s one of the good ones that transcends the form.
I just read the most heart breaking novel that is whole written in letters, with Dear, Yours Truly, and all the rest. You won’t forget the form here, but it’s just so, so good. I cried my eyes out at the end. Frances and Bernard, if you’re interested.
My only problem with epistolary is that it sounds too much like epistiotomy and well that’s never a good association.
PS – I legit laughed out loud at ” using “delicious” to describe something that cannot fit into a mouth” – I agree, that should not be allowed!
If I remember correctly, the fact that Hey Nostradamus! is a letter (most of it, anyway) isn’t revealed until near the end — good way to keep it from clogging up the narrative. Legit LOL for the episiotomy connection. Yikes!